Sinus lift surgery, also known as sinus augmentation, is a surgical procedure that is performed to increase the height of the sinus floor and allow for the placement of dental implants in the posterior (back) upper jaw. This procedure is often necessary when there is not enough bone height in the sinus area to securely place dental implants.
The sinus lift procedure involves making an incision in the gum tissue to expose the bone, and then creating a small window in the bone to access the sinus cavity. The surgeon will then lift the sinus membrane and place bone graft material into the space created. The bone graft material will stimulate the growth of new bone, allowing for the placement of dental implants in the future.
Sinus lift surgery is typically performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist. It is typically done in conjunction with other procedures, such as tooth extractions or bone grafting.
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure in which bone tissue is transplanted from one part of the body to another. It is typically used to repair bones that have been damaged due to trauma, infection, or disease, or to strengthen bones that are weak or have been lost due to injury or surgery. There are several different types of bone grafts, including autografts, which involve using bone from the patient’s own body, and allografts, which involve using bone from a donor. The bone graft may be placed in the area where it is needed using screws, plates, or other types of fixation devices, or it may be held in place by the body’s own healing processes.